A revitalized biopsychosocial model: core theory, research paradigms, and clinical implications PMC

They support continued use and reinforce denial that a problem with alcohol or drugs exists. The importance of the drug culture to the person using drugs often increases with time as the person’s association with it deepens (Moshier et al. 2012). White (1996) notes that as a person progresses from experimentation to abuse and/or dependence, https://thewashingtondigest.com/top-5-advantages-of-staying-in-a-sober-living-house/ he or she develops a more intense need to “seek for supports to sustain the drug relationship” (p. 9). In addition to gaining social sanction for their substance use, participants in the drug culture learn many skills that can help them avoid the pitfalls of the substance-abusing lifestyle and thus continue their use.

FAQs – Understanding the Biopsychosocial Model in Substance Abuse on the ASWB Exam

Although there is no “addiction gene” to definitively identify a person as being at risk for addiction, it is evident through twin studies, adoption studies, family studies, and more recently, epigenetic studies that addiction has a genetic component. Top 5 Advantages of Staying in a Sober Living House Individuals who are genetically predisposed for addiction enter the world with a greater risk of becoming addicted at some point in their lives. Wayward BPSM discourse is also a potent and potentially dangerous vehicle of medicalization.

Foundations of Addiction Studies

  • What the appropriate balance in this regard is and how it shall be achieved are political questions that deserve public debate.
  • It would have to provide an integrating theory that explained exactly how these factors interact to cause illness in practice.
  • Third, the same kind of theoretical apparatus used in biology (function, organization, regulation and dysregulation, information, production, and distribution) is also used in the psychological and social sciences – as reviewed below.
  • My focus will be on references to, and applications of, the general version of the BPSM described above.
  • Although drug cultures typically play a greater role in the lives of people who use illicit drugs, people who use legal substances—such as alcohol—are also likely to participate in such a culture (Gordon et al. 2012).

This also takes into consideration the social determinants of health, social factors, culture, age, gender and other stressful situations that were experienced. The application of a multi-dimensional model like the model proposed here is not revolutionary. As a rule, mental health workers are familiar with an integrative understanding of addiction, and would not recommend a treatment intervention based on biological information alone. However the rapid developments in neuroscience are moving bio-psychiatry away from the mind, and towards actions in the brain. Mind once was the place of mediation between person and situation, between the biological and the social.

Biopsychosocial Model & Substance Abuse Treatment

The informants who had periods of severe use of substances all talked about demanding situations relating to work, troubled relationships, mental health problems, or loneliness. These struggles concerned being caught up by adverse childhood experiences, situations that arose during severe substance use, or life challenges during the years after they left treatment. The Tyrili Foundation is a non-governmental organisation that runs eight SUD treatment centres in Norway. In the Tyrili cohort 2016 study, quantitative methods were used to examine quality of life, cognitive functioning, psychological distress and experiences of trauma among 138 patients [5, 40]. These individuals may experience constant hyperarousal, hypervigilance, anxiety, and abuse drugs may be an effective way to regulate these emotional experiences (Felitti et al., 1998). Thus, numerous psychological factors and experiences can increase the risk of changing how one feels (or regulating emotions) via drugs of abuse.

a biopsychosocial approach to substance abuse

a biopsychosocial approach to substance abuse

  • If you’re tempted by something questionable—like eating ice cream before dinner or buying things you can’t afford—the front regions of your brain can help you decide if the consequences are worth the actions.
  • One area in particular in which these neuroethics notions of addiction may have significant impact is in the clinical setting.
  • Disease labels are generally supposed to refer (explicitly or implicitly) to causes rather than symptoms or syndromes.
  • Across 12 studies, they found significant reductions in drug use post-discharge, but overall these reductions were not always greater than those reported in other treatment modalities.
  • Given the spectrum nature of substance use problems, decision-making capacity is therefore neither completely present nor absent, but may be, at some times in certain contexts, weakened.

Introductory Aspects and Main Concepts